Flowering plants (angiosperms) are grown in gardens for their beauty and their fragrant aromas. They and their relatives can also be grown for food. Myriad flowering plant types are grown in the world's gardens. Most popular flowering garden plants are in the rose family (Rosaceae, about three thousand species) and the lily family (Liliaceae, about forty five hundred species), which together make up a wide variety of herbs, bushes, and trees. Also quite popular are members of the iris family, Iridaceae, which includes crocuses. Lilies and irises belong to the order Liliales (about eight thousand species) of herbaceous flowering plants. Other well known plants of this order are tulips, daffodils, and hyacinths.
Roses and Lilies
The most popular garden plants are roses and lilies. Rose is the common name for members of the family Rosaceae, a family of one hundred genera and three thousand species. Included are important fruit and ornamental species, including the familiar genus Rosa.
Continue of the article: Roses and Lilies
Tulips, Daffodils, and Irises
Tulips and irises share some characteristics. The Liliaceae genus Tulipa contains about one hundred tulip species.
Continue of the article: Tulips, Daffodils, and Irises
Blooming Habits: Roses and Lilies
Wild rose plants have regular, single flowers, with five petals. In most cultivars double flowers, having petals numbered in multiples of five, are produced.
Continue of the article: Blooming Habits: Roses and Lilies
Blooming Habits: Tulips, Irises, and Daffodils
Tulip flowers can be single or double, and most, called "self-colored," grow in a huge range of solid colors, from pure white to many shades of yellow, red, brown, and purple.
Continue of the article: Blooming Habits: Tulips, Irises, and Daffodils
Rose and Lily Cultivation
Although found all over the world, roses grow best in mild climates, such as southern France and the U.S. Pacific coast.
Continue of the article: Rose and Lily Cultivation
Tulip, Daffodil, and Iris Growth
This region comprises Madagascar, Mauritius, the Comoros, and the Seychelles.
Continue of the article: Tulip, Daffodil, and Iris Growth
Garden Plants and Places of Original Cultivation
Places of original cultivation and garden plants.
Continue of the article: Garden Plants and Places of Original Cultivation